6 fascinating and amazing facts about the least polluted city of India – Tezpur, Assam
According to the recently-released World Health Organization’s report, Tezpur in Assam has been declared India’s least polluted city. The study was conducted in 2,973 cities across the globe in 103 countries, including 122 in India. Here are few more interesting as well as amazing facts about this least polluted city of India, that everyone should know.
1. Tezpur – The cultural capital of Assam
Tezpur is considered as the cultural capital of Assam. The three cultural icons of Assam, Jyoti Prasad Agarwala, Bishnu Prasad Rabha and Dr. Bhupen Hazarika had strong connections with Tezpur. They all lived in Tezpur during their childhood years and later part of their life too. They were the pioneer of Assamese music. Jyoti Prasad Agarwala made the first Assamese film Joymoti in 1935.
2. Jonaki – The first cinema hall of North-East is in Tezpur
After making Joymoti, Jyoti Prasad Agarwala had to screen the film in makeshift auditoriums, schools, godowns and theatre halls, since there was no cinema hall. Thus, he established the first cinema hall of the North East, ‘Jonaki’ in Tezpur. The Jonaki cinema hall still continues to screen films regularly since 1937. This cinema hall is also now one of the oldest existing cinema halls in the country.
3. Tezpur – The eternal city of love
Tezpur is considered as the city of love and romance. Well, this fact has a mythological connection. Tezpur is famous for the love story of Princess Usha and Prince Aniruddha. This story also tells how Tezpur (City of Blood) got its name!! Tezpur, which was then known as Sonitpur, was ruled by Banasura, the king of Asuras. King Bana was blessed by Lord Shiva to remain invincible always. Shiva also promised to come and protect Bana whenever needed. Aniruddha of Dwaraka was the grandson of Krishna. When Bana’s daughter Princess Usha and Prince Aniruddha fell in love, king Bana fought Aniruddha and captured him. His father and grandfather from Dwaraka ran to his rescue. This led to the famous battle of Hari-Hara (between Hari i.e Lord Vishnu and Hara i.e. Lord Shiva) which caused a lot of bloodshed, thus giving Tezpur its name. King Bana had built a fortress, Agnigarh (Agni means fire and Garh means wall/fortress) to imprison his daughter Usha so that she could not meet Aniruddha. Agnigarh is now a famous tourist spot in Tezpur.
4. Mahabhairab temple – The largest Shiv Linga in the world is in Tezpur
Shiv Linga in the famous Mahavairab temple was established by King Banasura of Tezpur. The Shiv Linga is one of the oldest and the largest Shiv Lingas in the whole world.
5. Lokapriya Gopinath Bordoloi Regional Institute of Mental Health
The Lokopriya Gopinath Bordoloi Regional Institute of Mental Health (LGBRIMH) was established in the year 1876. This is the only medical institute for mental health in the entire North East region. It is one of the oldest mental health care institutes in India.
6. The juicy litchi and Bhut Jolokia of Tezpur
Like it’s beauty, Tezpur is also famous for litchi and world’s hottest chili – Bhut Jolokia. Tezpur litchi is a special type of litchi grown in Lichu Pukhuri in Tezpur town and at Porowa. Tezpur’s litchi have got the coveted geographical indication (GI) tags, that makes it an incontrovertible proof of their origins in the state and protecting them from production elsewhere.
Bhut Jolokia or the ghost pepper grown in Tezpur is said to be the hottest chili in the world. It is also called as the Tezpur chili pepper, after the area where it is grown.